Create the appropriate environment for the child's development
Children want to experiment different sensations to develop their skills and stimulate their curiosity. To do so, we can help them by creating an environment in which they will feel comfortable, safe and respected and where their autonomy will be encouraged.
Guiding children in their activities
We can communicate with babies as from their very first days and encourage him to be autonomous. After all adults are only collaborators to the development of children… so let’s make it happy and joyful! Children will learn even more if they are in a peaceful and enthusiastic environment.
Being kind and courteous can be transmitted from the very beginning. A baby will appreciate people who speak with respect, smile and who use a quiet and soft voice; it will give him the desire to do likewise.
Forcing a child to be courteous is not beneficial, however by showing him the right example the child will then reproduce what he has observed in daily life.
Freedom of movement
The fundamental idea is to have confidence in a child and to leave him discover his world (see Emmi Pikler). Nevertheless the adult is responsible for providing a safe and caring environment which is adapted and suitable to allow the child to develop his full potential.
We will use the term “play” to simplify matters, even if some specialists consider that children in their desire to learn, do not play but work. The main objective for children is not to play but to always learn new things. They will therefore enjoy intelligent games that will have meanings and impact in their daily life.
We also need to keep in mind that it is important to give the right amount of stimulation in order to nourish their curiosity without over-stimulating. It is important also to respect the development stage and to not stop a child in the middle of an activity.
We could also leave a child interact not necessarily in the intended or “right way” with a toy, as long as he is enjoying it. However, a child who is frustrated because he cannot use a toy (and will then discard it for example), will not take advantage of the activity, so it can be preferable to suggest another activity which is better suited to his current development stage.